By: José Antonio Suárez (a), Pedro Anibal Beatón (a), Ronoldy Faxas Escalona (a), Ofelia Pérez Montero (b).
a Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of the Orient, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
b Integrated Coastal Zone Management Center, University of the Oriente, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
In Cuba, since 1959, the energy, environment and socio-economic development have been given high priority in national development plans.
Fifty years later, the Cuban people have achieved a society with notable advances in literacy and education, health, culture, sports, social security and per capita of the gross domestic product (GDP), which has permitted the attainment of a sustainable development, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) report in 2006.